A Mindfulness Based Support Group for Families in Early Psychosis: A pilot qualitative study
Main Article Content
Background and Objectives: To explore a mindfulness-based support group for parents of young people in care for a first episode of psychosis with an Early Intervention Service (EIS).
Material and Methods: Family members in EIS were recruited for a one year research protocol with eight group sessions during which mindfulness practices were introduced. Participants were supported in developing an ongoing mindfulness practice. Focus groups and individual interviews provided data for qualitative analysis of participant experience.
Results: Participants reported that mindfulness practice was associated with (1) a greater sense of ease (2) increased awareness, (3) less emotional reactivity, and (4) improved interpersonal relationships. Factors involved in developing a sustained mindfulness practice included the age and stage of illness of the offspring, the stage of family development and prior exposure to mindfulness.
Conclusions: Sustained mindfulness practice, developed in the context of a mindfulness-based family support group, can provide support in regard to coping and communication for parents of young people in care for a first episode of psychosis. Further exploration of the use of mindfulness to support families encountering mental illness seems warranted.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Copyright of articles published in all DPG titles is retained by the author(s). The author(s) grants DPG the rights to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher. The author grants DPG exclusive commercial rights to the article. The author grants any party the rights to use the article freely for non-commercial purposes provided that the original work is properly cited under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
2.Yesufu-Udechuku A, Harrison B, Mayo-Wilson E, et al. Interventions to improve the experience of caring for people with severe mental illness: systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Psychiatr 2015;206(4):268–74.
3.Lavis A, Lester H, Everard L, et al. Layers of listening: qualitative analysis of the impact of early intervention services for first-episode psychosis on carers' experiences. Br J Psychiatr 2015;207(2):135–42.
4. Dixon L, McFarlane WR, Lefley H., et al. Evidence based practices for services to families of people with psychiatric disabilities. Psychiatr Services 2001;52(7):903–10.
5. Addington J, McCleery A, Addington D. Three-year outcome of family work in an early psychosis program. Schizophr Res 2005;79(1):107–16.
6. Marchand WR. Mindfulness meditation practices as adjunctive treatments for psychiatric disorders. Psychiatr Clin North Am 2013;36:141–52.
7. Khoury B, Lecomte T, Gaudiano BA, Paquin K. Mindfulness interventions for psychosis: a meta-analysis. Schizophr Res 2013;150(1):176–84.
8. Simkin DR, Black NB. Meditation and mindfulness in clinical practice. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am 2014;23(3):487–534.
9. Campbell ME and Burke L. Mindfulness. In M. Chambers (ed.) Psychiatric mental health nursing: The craft of caring, 3rd edition. Abingdon: Routledge; 2017: 483–92.
10. Whitebird RR, Kreitzer M, Crain AL, Lewis BA, Hanson LR, Enstad CJ. Mindfulness-based stress reduction for family caregivers: a randomized controlled trial. Gerontologist 2013;53(4):676–86.
11. Brown KW, Coogle CL, Wegelin J. A pilot randomized controlled trial of mindfulness-based stress reduction for caregivers of family members with dementia. Aging Ment Health 2015;1–10
12. Bogels SM, Hellemans J, van Deursen S, Remer M, van der Meulen R. Mindful parenting in mental health care: Effects on parental and child psychopathology, parental stress, parenting, co-parenting and marital functioning. Mindfulness 2014;5:536–51.
13. Bays JC. How to Train a wild elephant: and other adventures in mindfulness. Boulder, CO: Shambhala Publications; 2011.
14. Whitehorn D. Mindfulness and buddhist psychology; a model with applications and implications for early psychosis. 7th International Early Psychosis Conference, Amsterdam. Early Intervent Psychiatr 2010;4(1):157.
15. Gadamer HG. Truth and method, 2nd edn. New York, NY: Bloomsbury Academic Publishing; 2004.
16. Binding L, Tapp D. Human understanding in dialogue: Gadamer’s recovery of the genuine. Nurs Philos 2008;9(2):121–30.
17. Tang YY, Ma Y, Wang J, et al. Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2007;104(43):17152–56.
18. Keng SL, Smoski MJ, Robins CJ. Effects of mindfulness on psychological health: a review of empirical studies. Clin Psychol Rev 2011;31(6):1041–56.
19. Bihari JL, Mullan EG. Relating mindfully: A qualitative exploration of changes in relationships through mindfulness-based cognitive therapy. Mindfulness 2014;5(1):46–59.
20. Crane RS, Kuyken W, Williams MG, Hastings RP. Competence in teaching mindfulness-based courses: Concepts, development and assessment. Mindfulness 2012;3:76–84.